Birth control pills (Oral contraceptive pills)

Method

Efficacy

Protection against

HIV & AIDS

Advantages & Disadvantages

 

Birth control pills ( Oral contraceptive pills)

 

95 – 99%

      

         No

Advantages:

  • High rate of efficacy
  • Relatively convenient
  • Multiple options available 
  • Regulates menstrual cycle
  • Decreased risk of endometrial and ovarian cancer, endometriosis, PID


Disadvantages:

  • Have to take a pill every day regardless of intercourse.
  • Failure depends on appropriate use by the women.
  • Undesirable side effect profile in some women.eg Nausea, headaches and dizziness initially.
  • Not suitable for all women due to risk profile


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